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Safety Demonstrated – 2014

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You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.

-Albert Einstein

For the 12th consecutive year, Anderson was recognized by the Utah Safety Council for 0 OSHA recordable incidents or injuries. Since 2010, Anderson has recorded 335,000 consecutive safe hours of field work.

 

Your Projects, Done Safe.

Fire Classifications

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Should the nature and size of the fire make it controllable, use the appropriate available extinguisher and proceed with the methods described below.
CLASS A. (Wood, paper, textiles, rubber). The ABC extinguisher can extinguish this type of fire.
CLASS B. (Flammable or combustible liquids, greases, petroleum products, solvents)
Carbon dioxide or dry chemical ABC extinguishers should be used. Carbon dioxide extinguishers do not leave any residue, whereas dry chemical devices do. Pressurized water units should not be used since the immiscibility of solvents and water may result in spreading of the fire.
CLASS C. (Live electrical equipment involved in a fire). If possible, turn off the electrical power to the devices, and then use either the dry chemical extinguisher or a carbon dioxide or halon extinguisher, if available.
CLASS D. (Sodium, potassium, magnesium, titanium, zirconium and other metals)
A specific “Class D” (dry powder) extinguishing agent such as graphite, limestone, sand or sodium carbonate can be used to put out this type of fire. Smothering the fire with sand or salt may also be used.
CLASS K. (Cooking Oil, Fats). New classification from the National Fire Protection Association. To put out a fire of this class use a wet chemical extinguisher.

Source: Columbia University http://ehs.columbia.edu/Policy4.2.html

Heat & Cold Stress

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Heat and Cold Stress are two risks that are often overlooked. But, the danger which extreme temperatures can inflict on a work crew or any one individual venturing out into the elements needs to be prepared for. The following is a short collection of resources available from several governmental and educational institutions on how to prepare for heat and cold stress.

Heat Stress

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

OSHA Quick Card

OSHA Fact Sheet

Oklahoma State University

Texas A&M University

 

Cold Stress

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

OSHA-DOL

Princeton University

Indiana and Purdue Universities

An Excellent Tool — Behavior Based Safety

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Behavior Based Safety (BBS) is nothing new. Concepts of the scientific based approach to safety began surfacing in the early 1970’s. By the mid 1990’s the term BBS was highly popularized. For Anderson Engineering Behavior Based Safety is also nothing new.
During July’s safety meeting John Gallegos and Chris Sudol outlined the components of Anderson’s BBS program. “BBS is a scientific way to understand why people behave the way they do when it comes to safety.” “Properly applied, [BBS] is an effective next step towards creating a truly pro-active safety culture where injury and damage prevention is a core value.”
John emphasized that in order to effective achieve a safe working environment attitudes must be changed by changing behaviors to be safe. By developing safe attitudes workers become fully committed and more devoted to safe practices rather than following procedures out a mere desire to be compliant.
As a means of developing safe attitudes, John presented the BBS Observation process which includes:
o    Plan where and when to make observations and what to look for
o    Observe worker behavior for safe and at-risk performance
o    Coach for improved performance by positively reinforcing or redirection
o    Record what was observed, why it occurred, and what will be done.

 

 

You are not a 1950’s Tin Toy Robot Infographic by:
Nathan Anderson

New OSHA Pictograms

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The new pictograms OSHA has adopted improve worker safety and health, conform with the GHS, and are used worldwide. Pictograms are graphic symbols used to communicate specific information about the hazards of a chemical. On hazardous chemicals being shipped or transported from a manufacturer, importer or distributor, the required pictograms consist of a red square frame set at a point with a black hazard symbol on a white background, sufficiently wide to be clearly visible. A square red frame set at a point without a hazard symbol is not a pictogram and is not permitted on the label.
Employers are responsible for maintaining the labels on the containers, including, but not limited to, tanks, totes, and drums. This means that labels must be maintained on chemicals in a manner which continues to be legible and the pertinent information (such as the hazards and directions for use) does not get defaced (i.e., fade, get washed off) or removed in any way.

For more information visit https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3636.pdf

Lifting Ergonomics: Avoid Back Injury with Proper Lifting Techniques

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Whether young or old, proper lifting techniques are essential to avoiding back injuries. Here are are a few important guidelines to follow when lifting:

  • Keep a wide base of support. Your feet should be shoulder-width apart, with one foot slightly ahead of the other (karate stance).
  • Squat down, bending at the hips and knees only. If needed, put one knee to the floor and your other knee in front of you, bent at a right angle (half kneeling).
  • Maintain good posture. Look straight ahead, and keep your back straight, your chest out, and your shoulders back. This helps keep your upper back straight while maintaining a slight arch in your lower back.
  • Slowly lift by straightening your hips and knees (not your back). Keep your back straight, and don’t twist as you lift.
  • Hold the load as close to your body as possible, at the level of your belly button.
  • Lead with your hips as you change direction. Keep your shoulders in line with your hips as you move.
  • Set down your load carefully, squatting with the knees and hips only.

 

Information Sourced From:

“Back Problems: Proper Lifting.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/lifting-properly-to-prevent-back-injury#>

Cold and Flu Season

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Just as it is important to keep yourself safe from external objects that can harm you, it is equally important, but often forgotten when it comes to safety, is prevention and protection from harmful elements that can injure a person from the inside such as a cold or flu virus. Here are a few quick facts from the Utah Safety Council to help prevent sickness this winter as well as a handy infographic on how to recognize the symptoms of a common cold versus the flu virus.

From the Utah Safety Council

There is no fail safe preventive measure in a work environment that will guarantee a person will not get a cold or flu. It is advised to avoid close contact with anyone that has a cold or flu. Your best defense is to wash your hands with soap often for at least 20 seconds. Use a hand sanitizer between washes. “Often” means every time hands have contacted a potentially contaminated surface, such as:

  • Hands or face of others (a handshake is a significant infection pathway)
  • Doorknob or handle (including microwave, refrigerator, coffee pot handle, and material-handling equipment)
  • Copier machine buttons or parts
  • Elevator button
  • Bathroom fixture
  • Countertops or desktops
  • Food, or food container handled by others
  • Books, computers, phones and office materials used by others
  • Hand or power tool used by others

Safety Topic: Heavy Machinery

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“There are a lot of risks in what we do. Whether it’s us being ground personnel or us overseeing what’s going on, there are a lot of inherent hazards. So, before any equipment can move on a job site, hazards need to be mitigated. Our communications with (equipment) operators and contractors needs to include the site hazards. “It is our responsibility to remain visible and aware while around heavy equipment as operators can become complacent.” Josh Belnap. Project Engineer and Field  Technician.

In today’s world heavy equipment is all around us. Drilling rigs, cranes/cherry pickers, rail cars and engines, scrapers, graders, bulldozers, loaders, cement/concrete trucks, track hoes/excavators, backhoes, bobcats, manlifts, forklifts, water trucks or many agriculture tractors are all considered heavy equipment. With so many heavy machines moving around us, it is extremely important to keep a watchful eye out for our own safety.  Machine-related injuries were ranked second after motor vehicle-related injuries among the leading causes of occupational injury fatalities, accounting for approximately 14% of total deaths. (1)

Keys to being safe while operation or working around heavy machinery are:

1) Maintain your equipment. Proper maintenance can help protect both the operator and anyone around from injury due to mechanical failure.

2) Be competent as an operator. If you are not qualified and experienced operating a piece of heavy equipment do not use it. Operator error is the leading cause for injuries while using machinery.

3) Be observant. As an operator it’s imperative that you first familiarize yourself for possible risks around you. These can included, but not limited to, overhead power lines, steep slopes or drop offs, and other ground obstructions. As a bystander of heavy equipment, you must understand your safety is in your own hands. Heavy machinery is big, bulky, and loud which makes it difficult for operators to see or hear others around them.

 

Sources

(1) NIOSH NTOF Data, 1980-1989. Retrieved from http://www.worksafecenter.com

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